>(most of the time, there were exceptions).
The USA national histrians team (IWG) themselfs concluded comfort woman was paid military prostituter.
This is survey of the IWG national historians team of USA.
This is not Japanese denial of war crimes.
The IWG published a report focused on the Japanese war crime titled “Researching Japanese War Crimes, Introductory Essays”. In the report, the IWG analysed the reason why the documents of japanese war criminals include about comfort women documents were scarce.https://www.archives.gov/files/iwg
"Licensed prostitution was legal in prewar Japan, and Allied officials viewed the small part of the overseas system they uncovered as an extension of homeland practices. Prosecuting Japanese soldiers for rape, a notorious crime everywhere the army set foot, took precedence over investigating the circumstances of “comfort women,” who were seen as professional prostitutes, not as unwilling victims coerced into brothels by employees of the Japanese military."
This analysis is in line with the "Japanese Prisoner of War Interrogation Report 49" written in 1944, which describes "A 'comfort girl' to be nothing more than a prostitute or 'professional camp follower' attached to the Japanese Army for the benefit of the soldiers."
The report further stated that this practice was not charged with criminal acts.
"In part to reduce local resentment against Japan and in part to prevent the spread of venereal disease among its ranks, the Japanese military contracted private vendors to set up “comfort stations” for the troops as early as 1932. Again, this practice was known to the Allies but no criminal can harges were filed at the trials."
the IWG expressed disappointment at the preface of the report because the IWG uncovered and released very few Asian theatre records.
thus, the IWG apologized to the Global Alliance for Preserving the History of WWII in Asia,which was involved in the commencement of this project.
Point is here.
korean was telling the story of mass kidnaping, massacre and mass rape of comfort woman but in reality they were paid military prostituters.
Also doing the prostitution to support family was very common things in korea at that time, even before japan rule.
here is the evidence of the comfort woman had really high payments.
A former Korean comfort women participated in a trail in 1992 that they wanted us to refund the money she collected at that time to the Japanese post office.
26,145 yen (now converted about 40 million yen) which we deposited 12 times from June 1943 to September 1945.
At the time, salary details of about 40,000 were submitted to the Japanese court in 1993 by a wartime comfort woman herself.
40,000 is equivalent to 20 million yen nowadays. That’s staggering.
Monthly income comparison (1943)
· Prime Minister 800 yen Tojo Hideki
· General Army 550 yen
· Sergeant Chair 32 ~ 75 yen
· Sergeant Armament 23 ~ 32 yen
· Corporal, 20 Yen
· Heavyweight commander 13,5 yen
· Secondary soldier 10,5 yen
· First class soldier 9 yen
· Second Nurse Secondary 9 ~ 6 yen
The comfort women at the time repaid the parent's debt after being prepaid 300-1500 yen. You can see how much that’s worth by comparing it to the list above.
Salary details of comfort woman was recorded even by the survey of USA, Japanese Prisoner of War Interrogation Report No. 49 (1944)
These are also official documents of USA national archives. https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/Japanese_Prisoner_of_War_Interrogation_Report_49
The "house master" received fifty to sixty per cent of the girls' gross earnings depending on how much of a debt each girl had incurred when she signed her contract. """This meant that in an average month a girl would gross about fifteen hundred yen. """ .