Sorry, foreign language I see that It looks like you're discussing alcohol There is an overlap of "brony" and "alcohol" as seen here >pic related back to https://endchan.net/overboard Thank you and have a nice day
As I promised I'll write about this book. It's quite lengthy but you'll reach the end if you read at your own pace. Most of the book isn't dense for me, an economic layman, with the exception of the parts about trade, which left me confused. I'll write what I manage to understand. The author wrote it to argue in historiographical debates and make some points, but I read it just to add to my historical knowledge.
I'll write in sections, at most one a day so Bernd doesn't get overwhelmed, and will try to make the sections more thematic rather than just a sythesis of each chapter, as Hitler himself suggests in Mein Kampf for how one should mentally organize knowledge. I want to write about:
-Trade and controls of foreign currency and raw materials -Budgets and revenue -Agrarianism -Businessmen and workers -Consumer goods -The fate of different industries -Rearmament -General progression from 1933 to 1939
If I give up on writing I hope at least to cover the prewar period. I also hope to write on: -Armaments priorities until 1940
>>43330 I like how he thinks on broad geographical terms, but he leaves some things out when reaching his conclusions. >Since there is little need for the Germans to cross the Volga, the "road" from Europe to Siberia goes through another gullet in the Ural between Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg) and Chelyabinsk, and the front gets narrowed down from ~2000 km to 500, then entering Siberia further down to 200-300 kms There might be have been no industry or population of worth on the left side of the Volga, but there were still railways >>29203>>29204 from which the Red Army could mass troops and threaten the Heer's advance. Narrowing down excessively would just produce a long and vulnerable salient, some advance on the left bank would be necessarily, if only to secure the right flank. Possibly an advance to the north of this region, too, as there are also railways threatening the left flank. Though this point is moot if just taking the Moscow-Kazan-Stalingrad triangle knocks out the Soviet warfighting capacity.
>>43331 >During 1942 summer the Germans should have aim their strike against the above described Soviet crisis-area, to knock them out from the war. But instead they pushed toward the south and opened the Caucasus front. This he did not understand, he wonders about the rationale, did not see the reason behind the decision. It could be understood as depriving the crisis area of a critical raw material input (oil) and thus an indirect attack.
>Then he expected a Soviet counter-attack from their power triangle towards west, the marshes. This he considers as a strategically decisive move, tearing the German lines in two, and from that place the Red Army could have annihilate the overly opened (like a fan) southern part, leaving the whole South East Europe ripe to conquest. But this did not happen either. The Soviet struck south-west from the power base onto the weaker Romanian, Italian, and Hungarian armies (in fact they started with the 2nd Hungarian army at Voronezh, on 1943 January 13, as discussed on this board elsewhere). No matter how impressive was the success, he considered this a tactical victory, without strategic importance - which the Soviet leadership has to correct if they want to achieve more. The Soviets did stage massive attacks in the central portion of the front in 1942, but they failed. It's understandable Szálasi didn't have sufficiently detailed frontline information to note this.
>>43336 >Red Army could mass troops How he sees it, during '41 summer to winter the Red Army suffered giant losses (from Wikipee I see numbers about 2,5 million Soviet POWs captured during Barbarossa, plus all the dead, and newspapers probably were flooded with news about the depletion of the enemy), and they needed the whole 1942 to recover, draining manpower even from Siberia. So I don't think he considered any more units could have been mustered after a Soviet defeat in the crisis-area. >The Soviets did stage massive attacks in the central portion of the front in 1942, but they failed. It's understandable Szálasi didn't have sufficiently detailed frontline information to note this. He says the Soviet must have recognized their attack would fail on the German lines if it was directed towards west. He attributes this partially to the limited resources available to the Soviet, the insufficient power of their units, but chiefly to the excellence of the German units, both in training and equipment. This is why they picked other Axis units, because they were sub par in comparison. He also points out, that after a quick and decisive reorganization, the Soviet was stopped by the Germans at the 2nd Kharkov battle.
I think Rusbernd could provide some maps or info about population density and industrial centers and such. I'm also not sure during the evacuation where the people and the industry were settled. And need to check out the Suvorov thread we might have something there already.
>>43337 >How he sees it, during '41 summer to winter the Red Army suffered giant losses (from Wikipee I see numbers about 2,5 million Soviet POWs captured during Barbarossa, plus all the dead, and newspapers probably were flooded with news about the depletion of the enemy), and they needed the whole 1942 to recover, draining manpower even from Siberia. So I don't think he considered any more units could have been mustered after a Soviet defeat in the crisis-area. To some point the German high command also underestimated the USSR's ability to replenish its losses and continually expand its military power. Which was probably first because the Soviet system allowed a fast transition to a very high % of economic mobilization, and then later scaled back because it was unsustainable, and kept alive by Lend-Lease.
>He says the Soviet must have recognized their attack would fail on the German lines if it was directed towards west. He attributes this partially to the limited resources available to the Soviet, the insufficient power of their units, but chiefly to the excellence of the German units, both in training and equipment. This is why they picked other Axis units, because they were sub par in comparison. He also points out, that after a quick and decisive reorganization, the Soviet was stopped by the Germans at the 2nd Kharkov battle. That's logical and he must've remembered the Brusilov offensive shattering the Habsburg Army. But because of his limited frontline information he couldn't see that there were offensives against both the Germans (center) and their weaker allies (south), and it was where they could exploit the weakness of the allies that they had success.
>>43337 >I think Rusbernd could provide some maps or info about population density and industrial centers and such.
1, 2 - population density maps of 1940. 3 - industry at war. Pink marks on legend are related to post-1941, blue - pre-1941 4 - another evacuation map
Most of evacuated industry gone to Urals and Siberia, some to Central Asia. There were no mass population evacuation, except industry workers, so population density didn't change much. There were no big manpower reserves beyond Urals anyway (less than quarter of all USSR population).
It is hard to predict what regions were completely vital for USSR. Maybe loss of Moscow would be the point of no return, maybe not.
Erdogan has met Putin and ironed out the partition of northeastern Syria. He gets to keep everything he conquered and the rest stays with Assad. YPG retreats from a 30km strip along the border, leaving the bulk of Kurdish-populated areas. Russo-Turkish patrols guard the safe zone. The deal shows two things: By inviting Assad the SDF have completely relinquished their sovereignty. This was why they were so relutanct to receive aid during Olive Branch. As long as Erdogan maintains good relations with Assad and Putin, YPG will no longer bother him. If, however, relations sour then he can even expect a repeat of the 90s, when Hafez sheltered Ocalan and allowed PKK to use Syria as its base of operations. The deal was discussed with Putin, not Assad. It's also clear who calls the shots.
For locals conquered by Peace Spring, the problem is not Turkey itself but its Syrian rebel puppets, who are thugs and mistreat the population, as has already been the case in Afrin. For the war as a whole, peace is now closer. Once Idlib is sorted out, a simple deal with Turkey can grant Assad the whole country except for al-Tanf.
>>43213 Some of the stuff in Mali is Al-Qaeda. The articles mostly mentions them, or vaguely "terrorists". But in Mozambique, ISIS is the active one. But yes, they are still going, and will be around forever, it's basically those who wants to create/restore the Caliphate or some such. And since Islam is Universalist, it could be appear anywhere, it doesn't matter where they start, and the end is always the spread of the Caliphate and Islam to the whole World.
>Black Sheep Plot In 1973 the Chadian Army Chief of Staff was accused of the preparation of a coup against President Tombalbaye. One of the charges was that the conspirators ritualistically buried a black sheep in order to influence the outcome of an event, and this event would have been the overthrow of every Chadian's beloved President. Why animal sacrifices aren't listed in Luttwak's book as parts of coups?
>>43257 >Jolani and HTS I guess for the coming peace, they want to look more "civil" for taking over civilian governing tasks in Idlib. That area will probably preserve it's "not really Syria anymore" designation and they are the local holders of power. But I really don't know what's gonna happen, or where the peace talks stand.
After a month or so (?) of unrest under Keilir on Reykjanes peninsula, last night there was finally an eruption. A roughly half-km long fissure opened in Geldingadal ("valley of the castrated"). How will it play out? How far will lava flows reach? Reykjanes peninsula is the most densely populated part of Iceland, though this is relatively far inland and in a valley that will limit spillover.
>3. "Deaf? If you're near there, no wonder you are deaf." Said to a group of deaf children standing near a Caribbean steel drum band in 2000.
>6. "You can't have been here that long – you haven't got a pot belly." To a British tourist during a tour of Budapest in Hungary. 1993.
>7. "How do you keep the natives off the booze long enough to pass the test?" Asked of a Scottish driving instructor in 1995.
>18. "If it has four legs and it is not a chair, if it has got two wings and it flies but is not an aeroplane and if it swims and it is not a submarine, the Cantonese will eat it." Said to a World Wildlife Fund meeting in 1986.
>20. "Do you know they have eating dogs for the anorexic now?" To a wheelchair-bound Susan Edwards, and her guide dog Natalie in 2002.
>21. "Get me a beer. I don't care what kind it is, just get me a beer!" On being offered the finest Italian wines by PM Giuliano Amato at a dinner in Rome in 2000.
>>43255 Yeah, I think we talked about this previously. He did some nice golden spits. >22. "I would like to go to Russia very much – although the bastards murdered half my family." In 1967, asked if he would like to visit the Soviet Union. During that era this actually had to be appropriate. >35. "The French don't know how to cook breakfast." After a breakfast of bacon, eggs, smoked salmon, kedgeree, croissants and pain au chocolat – from Gallic chef Regis Crépy – in 2002. This doesn't mean he thought English breakfast is the shit. Especially since: >13. "British women can't cook." Winning the hearts of the Scottish Women's Institute in 19
Most of these are taken out of context. Even tho he was right almost at every point.
How many armies -- does it take to change a light bulb? At least five. The Germans to start it, the French to give up really easily after only trying for a little while, the Italians to make a start, get nowhere, and then try again from the other side, the Americans to turn up late and finish it off and take all the credit, and the Swiss to pretend nothing out of the ordinary is happening....
What happens if a women and two men are marooned on a desert island? If they are Swedish, the men will marry and ignore the woman....
An old Sicilian lies in his deathbed, surrounded by family. As per tradition, the laziest member of the family inherits it all.
The dying man says:
- Pedro, my son, come closer - Yes, papa - Imagine you sitting on a bench on a beautiful sunny day and you see the wind carrying by a banknote of 500 francs. What do you do? - Nothing papa, I'll have more money later, but now I'll enjoy the sunny day. - Good, Pedro. Now, Sergio, come closer. - Yes, papa. - Imagine you sitting on a bank of a river and from the other bank a gorgeous woman is calling you. What will you do? - Nothing, papa, there will be other women in my life, but no same moment of calm and serenity by a beautiful river. - Good, good. Now, Antonio, my boy, come closer. - Come closer yourself
A married couple on vacation in America. The bloke walks by two hot chicks and vaguely hears one of them whispering to the other: "nine". He straightens his back proudly and steps to his wife and says: - See those girls there? They rated me 9 out of ten! - Yeah. - replies his wife - I also heard them talking before. They are Germans... The joke is German chicks aren't hot.
>>43303 To reply in earnest. We don't have mountains at the moment, our highest peak is 1014m... We has some scenic rolling hills, but where I live there's not many places with views, where I go on foot just a couple and they just might be characteristic enough to close down on my location and I'm paranoid a bit... So most of the peaks, even the highest ones are covered with trees, so the results of photos would be similar wall of trees like on my video here >>43290 which I made on a ridge basically. I googled some photos. Around I live, it's like the first three. Most of the country looks like #4.
Today I was cleaning bike after storage during winter so I can go on rides later. I had odd feelings cleaning the chain since the rag I used has been my shirt for 15 years… now it's finally time to say good bye. You served me well.
Instytut Staszica: Satelitarny system poboru opłat oznacza inwigilację obywateli
Krajowa Administracja Skarbowa, która od lipca zajmuje się poborem opłat na polskich drogach, zapowiedziała, że pracuje nad satelitarnym systemem poboru opłat od samochodów osobowych. Koszt wdrożenia tego systemu to 1,5 mld zł. Instytut Staszica ostrzega, że nigdzie na świecie takie rozwiązanie nie obejmuje samochodów obywateli. Dodatkowo nowy system może przekreślić szanse na uproszczenie sposobu płacenia za autostrady w Polsce.
KAS unieważnił przetarg na videotolling na autostradach państwowych, czyli na pobieranie opłat po zeskanowaniu tablic rejestracyjnych. Takie rozwiązanie istnieje już na prywatnych odcinkach A4 i A1, a koncesjonowany odcinek A2 zapowiedział wdrożenie identycznego systemu. Wyłamanie się państwowych autostrad zdaniem Instytut Staszica to całkowite odejście od możliwości płacenia w jeden sposób na wszystkich autostradach przy ich jednoczesnym udrożnieniu.
„Brak jednolitego systemu poboru opłat dla użytkowników autostrad jest uciążliwy, a system manualny jako podstawowa forma uiszczania należności jest archaiczny i powoduje utrudnienia w ruchu.
Jedyną nowoczesną technologią poboru opłat, którą można wprowadzić bez zmiany ustaw zarówno na autostradach państwowych, jak i koncesyjnych, jest videotolling – technologia skanująca tablicę rejestracyjną i pobierająca opłatę z konta użytkownika. System rejestruje jedynie przejazd samochodu daną autostradą – wjazd i zjazd.
Orędownikiem wprowadzenia videotollingu jest Ministerstwo Infrastruktury. W czerwcu br. minister Andrzej Adamczyk zapowiedział uruchomienie tej technologii na tych odcinkach państwowych autostrad, na których obecnie wnosi się opłaty manualnie bądź korzystając z viaAUTO.” – czytamy w najnowszym stanowisku Instytutu Staszica.
Przemysław Koch, pełnomocnik Ministerstwa Finansów ds. informatyzacji, zapowiedział, że w grudniu nie przedłuży umowy na manualny pobór opłat na państwowych w 2021 r. Nowy system satelitarny ma zacząć funkcjonować od lipca 2021 r. Instytut Staszica ocenia, że czas wdrożenia takiego systemu to minimum pół roku, a koszt to 1,5 mld zł. Obawy budzi fakt, że nawet Chiny nie zdecydowały się na śledzenie przejazdów autostradowych obywateli za pomocą satelity. System myta opartego na GPS dla osobówek nie istnieje nigdzie na świecie, ze względu na obawy społeczeństwa o inwigilację przejazdów.
„Warto podkreślić, że satelitarny pobór opłat od aut osobowych nie jest wykorzystywany nigdzie na świecie.
Wprowadzenie go natomiast dałoby państwu i innym podmiotom wprost nieograniczone możliwości inwigilacji każdego kierowcy korzystającego z płatnej autostrady. O ile w przypadku videotollingu rejestrowany jest tylko wjazd i zjazd danego pojazdu z płatnej trasy, to system satelitarny umożliwia jego kompleksowe śledzenie. Nie tylko państwo, urzędnicy, ale i koncern obsługujący system będzie w posiadaniu wrażliwych informacji. To zagrożenie nie tylko dla wolności obywatelskich, ale – w przypadku uzyskania dostępu przez podmioty trzecie – potencjalne zagrożenie dla bezpieczeństwa państwa.” – uznaje Instytut Staszica.
W Polsce samochody osobowe płacą za przejazd autostradami w czterech różnych systemach. Na autostradach państwowych bramki powodują zatory przy zwiększonym ruchu. Część autostrad pozostaje darmowa, co generuje straty dla skarbu państwa. Tymczasem KAS uznaje w uzasadnieniu umorzenia przetargu na videotolling, że system który można wdrożyć szybko i ujednoliciłby opłaty, „nie leży w interesie społecznym”. Eksperci nie uznają tego wyjaśnienia.
„W ocenie ekspertów Instytutu Staszica nie ma żadnego uzasadnienia dla unieważnienia przetargu na videotolling i pozbawienia polskich kierowców możliwości korzystania z prostego, nowoczesnego i wygodnego sposobu wnoszenia opłat. Można odnieść wrażenie, że toczy się zakulisowa gra, w której stawką są wielkie pieniądze. Sam pomysł budowy satelitarnego systemu poboru opłat od aut osobowych jest tyleż nieekonomiczny, co grożący totalną inwigilacją obywateli. Jako taki powinien zostać zarzucony.” – podsumowuje Instytut Staszica.
How to find friends and girls? Where?
How to initiate conversation with people or girls in different situations? How to talk to a stranger?
What places can you go outside home? What can you do there?
What activities can be performed by humans? In what places? How to go there and do them?
How to sex people?
>>43305 I pretty much just met her, lol, I'm exaggerating. Still it's a bit different, finally getting to meet new people after corona shit robbed me of my usual habit of going to gigs, hitting the bar with friends, and just simply uni courses (though I'm also finished with that now)